An endodontist is a doctor specializing in tooth pulp and pulp problems. Damage to teeth, such as cracks or deep cavities, can reach down to the nerve tissue and blood vessels residing in the soft pulp of the tooth. This can cause irreparable damage. Damage to the pulp can lead to painful swelling, damage to the jaw bones or muscles, and the formation of abscesses.
Damaged pulp once led to the removal of the tooth. With today's advancement, however, dentists use a procedure called a root canal to restore and protect the tooth's nerves and blood vessels hence saving the tooth.
Endodontic Treatment Procedure
The endodontist makes a canal in the crown of the tooth that allows for removal of the damaged pulp. After removal, the dentist cleans the canal and shapes it to a feasible form for filling. In some cases the dentist may choose to use medications for preventing infection by removing germs from the teeth.
During the final visit, the dentist cleans and fills the root canal and pulp chamber, then applies a gold or porcelain crown over the tooth to provide extra strength and protection. Proper oral care and regular dental visits ensure that the treated tooth remains healthy.
The primary goal of endodontic treatment is to create an environment within the root canal system which allows for healing and continued maintenance of the health of periradicular tissue. A successful procedure is one which has removed bacteria in the tooth and completely filled the canals.